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致谢(Acknowledgments):问题、建议、范文

发布时间:2021-04-08 14:07:49 阅读:79 编辑:致远教育 字数:2394 字 预计阅读时间:8分钟
导读:一篇论文的致谢(Acknowledgments)会放在论文的结论之后和参考文献之前。那么,学位论文致谢放在哪里?大家看到的国外学位论文的致谢,处在论文封面和目录之间,也就是说,如果去掉封面,那么首先看到的是致谢。不仅如此,国外一些导师会修改学生的致谢,以避免不妥。

一篇论文的致谢(Acknowledgments)会放在论文的结论之后和参考文献之前。那么,学位论文致谢放在哪里?大家看到的国外学位论文的致谢,处在论文封面和目录之间,也就是说,如果去掉封面,那么首先看到的是致谢。不仅如此,国外一些导师会修改学生的致谢,以避免不妥。

致谢(Acknowledgments):问题、建议、范文

相反,大家看到的国内学位论文的致谢,则放在参考文献之后。也就是说,读者将从标题到参考文献的全文看完了,接着往下看,才会看到致谢。致谢看上去是一种补充材料。

Acknowledgments写作问题

不知这种顺序的差异是否反映了人们对致谢的重要性的不同理解。一些人会看重致谢,因为致谢是一种态度。另外,不恰当的致谢不仅会影响学生本人,也会影响导师和其他被致谢对象的形象。缺乏重视而随意书写的致谢,可能存在如下问题:

1 态度抄袭:将学长的致谢拷入到自己的学位论文之中,仅替换姓名等名词来当作自己的致谢。许多人认为这是正常做法,但事实上这属于态度级别的抄袭。

2 对导师和评委等进行不合适的评价:在致谢中,存在对导师等人的学术水平和为人进行评价的现象。也许,在不同人看来,这种评价不一定合适。例如,一些人可能认为,这把自己放在了能对导师学术水平进行评价的高度。

3 过度致谢:过度是指夸大其词或无关致谢。不是所有人都能接受被过度致谢。至少在日常生活中,过度容易被误解为讽刺。

4 泄露隐私:被致谢对象都有自己的隐私(包括身份隐私和行为隐私),这些事情发生在你我之间很正常,但写给别人看可能不合适。

5 遗漏:一般不会遗忘致谢导师以及一些身边帮助过自己的人。但是,大多数论文的最终版没有致谢那些给自己提供过有效建议的论文评阅人、答辩委员成员以及外部专家。 

6 致谢不规范:以博士论文为例,博士论文强调独立工作的能力。然而,许多学生在致谢中,强调感谢导师“悉心引导”。“悉心引导”容易让人误解是否事事都需要导师帮忙解决。这也从侧面贬低了导师,好像导师只能提供那些没有高度的帮助。

7 大发感慨:大发感慨表明自己抓住这次机会泄露情绪。致谢用于感谢别人,不是自己。

目前,不少学位论文致谢存在以上问题。这可能源于事先不太了解书写致谢有何讲究。

Acknowledgments写作建议

Acknowledgments写作建议

下面是五条建议,仅供参考。 

建议一:起稿前阅读至少10份以上的致谢。阅读别人的致谢后,再来书写或者修改自己的致谢。本文末尾的附录A是一份学术型致谢,可以参考。附录B则是一份情感性致谢,可以酌情参考。 

建议二:确定致谢各段落的逻辑顺序。 标准的致谢按顺序包含五段内容,第一段是对导师的致谢,第二段是对论文评阅人的致谢,第三段是对答辩委员会主席和提出问题需求的企业负责人的致谢,第四段是对工作过程中提供过数据和建设性建议的同行专家的致谢,第五段是对帮助过自己的实验室人员和学校管理服务人员的致谢。附录A的例子即为这种顺序。附录B则以个人为先。

建议三:将致谢先呈现给导师看。 致谢写好后,主动交给导师提建议。不同的导师可能对致谢风格有不同理解,如果他认为有不妥,可以按建议修改。 

建议四:在语言风格上琢磨。 花数天时间去想到致谢中合适的词汇,形成属于自己的独特语言。尽量使用通俗易懂的语句,避免使用难以理解和难以辨认的古词语。

建议五:多次添加致谢对象。预答辩前的草稿需要有致谢初稿。预答辩后加上预答辩中帮助过自己的专家。论文送审后加上值得感谢的论文评阅人。答辩后添加值得感谢的答辩委员会成员。 

Acknowledgments写作范文

附录A 致谢范文1

首先,我谨向巴黎高职(ENSAM)教授、SINUMEF实验室主任阿兰.勒莱特(A. Lerat)先生表示深切的谢意,是他曾经接纳我开展这份博士论文工作,是他一直以来在热心地关注我的工作。我要感谢他在我整个工作过程中提供建议和支撑。

我也同样地感谢巴黎第八大学的哈珀恩(L. Halpern)教授和法国国家科学研究中心(CNRS)的研究主管费勒布瓦(F. Feuillebois)先生,感谢他们评阅了我的博士论文并作为答辩委员会专家参加我的答辩。

我也感谢巴黎第六大学教授吉劳德(J.-P. Guiraud)先生接受(作为答辩委员主席)参加我的博士论文答辩,感谢标致雪铁龙汽车集团(PSA)的空气热化学研究主管吉诺特(S. Guinotte)夫人对本工作的支撑与鼓励。

我也不会忘记感谢标致雪铁龙汽车集团的发动机物理实验室负责人范诺贝尔(F. Vannobel)夫人给本研究提供了实验结果支撑和对本研究表现出的兴趣,同样感谢法国国家宇航研究局(ONERA)的部门助理主管塞德斯(J. Sides)先生,大家有过有趣的讨论。

我必须感谢所有SINUMEF实验室成员,尤其感谢达鲁(V. Daru)夫人、卡尔法拉赫(K. Khalfallah)先生和拉孔贝(G. Lacombe)先生在科学层面的帮助以及友谊。也感谢希德尔(S. Sider)女士和师弟博莱尔(C. Borel), 夏阳(P. Chaillant), 科尔(C. Corre), 罗罗(A. Raulot)和 拉威尔(J.-C. Ravel)的帮助和友谊。最后我要感谢图书馆和计算中心的所有成员,尤其感谢诺里根(Norigeon)先生和石井民(Ishiomin)先生提供的有用帮助。

附录B 致谢范文B 情感型

Acknowledgements

       I would like to first extend my gratitude to my family for all of the love andsupport they have given me throughout this journey.  My children, Hailey and Liam, have and willalways be my greatest accomplishments but they are also the reason why I havepushed myself so hard to achieve my dreams. There is no limits to what you can accomplish as long as you stay trueto yourself and work hard for what you want. I am so proud to be their mother and know that they both have thebrightest of futures in front of them.

       To my husband, Phillip, who has supportedme and been my rock when things got tough and late nights and lack ofhousekeeping became the norm. You gave me the strength, and the help that Ineeded to push through those times and scale the walls that often blocked mefrom finishing.  I cannot tell you howgrateful I am to be able to share this life with you and see what the world hasin store for us next.

       To my parents and my aunt who alwaysreminded me how proud they are of me. Especially my mother who during late night conversations would let meknow that I am strong and can do anything I set my mind to.  I know grandma and grandpa are also by myside in spirit cheering me on and standing proud.  I just wish they were here to see thisaccomplishment in person.  I love all ofyou so much and can’t express how much I appreciate your support andpatience. 

       Dr. Alan Levine, Dr. Lia Richards-Palmiter,and Dr. Amy Paciej-Woodruff.  You haveall been the most amazing support system and mentors and I could not have askedfor a better dissertation committee.  Dr.Levine, you were a constant cheerleader, a mentor, a motivator, and you continuallychallenged me to consider other aspects of my dissertation that overall made mea better researcher.  I am forevergrateful for your guidance and support. Dr. Richards-Palmiter, you have been a mentor to me for a great deallonger than this portion of my education. You have made me strive to seek out my dreams and find my passion.  You are also a true friend andconfidant.  I am truly thankful to haveyou in my life and as a key member to help me achieve this degree.  Dr. Paciej-Woodruff, I have always admiredyou and felt honored to have you as a member of my committee.  Your mentorship and amazing advice truly madea big impact in achieving this dream and for that I am forever grateful.

       I also want to thank my amazing coworkerswho have given me the strength and support that I needed to accomplish thisgreat feat.  Antonia, Bev, Michelle, Lia,and Meghan, you are the dearest of friends and the best coworkers a girl couldask for!  Being able to work on a dailybasis with such strong, intelligent, compassionate, and downright amazing womenis an honor and I know I am a better person because you are all in my life.

       Finally, to my cohort of amazing doctoralstudents who have trudge along with me throughout the years, especially Meg,Brooke, Sr. Kevin, and Kim. You are such amazing women and I am honored to havegone on this journey with you.  You allhave made this experience one I will never forget.  Not only have you been great friends andsupporters but you have also shared your lives and experiences with me that Iwill forever embrace now as a part of the person I have become.  From the late night texts to the panic wefaced during this crazy pandemic, I am so thankful to have you all in my lives!

以上就是致远教育小编为大家总结的关于论文致谢致谢(Acknowledgments)部分的相关写作问题、建议和范文,欢迎大家阅读参考,如有需要各类留学论文作业代写服务,请咨询网站客服。

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